Dedicated to advancing scholarly and public understanding of the past, present, and future of western North America, the Center supports research, teaching, and reporting about western land and life in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Where the Wild Things Were

Image: Bisons, perhaps the most iconic of APR’s wildlife, and the most impressive example of the work they have accomplished in the past decade. APR now has 270 bison, two of which are pictured here.

By Katie Kramon
B.S. Earth Systems and Modern Languages minor, 2015
Summer Intern at American Prairie Reserve

Read about our summer interns on the Out West student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

Greetings from Bozeman, Montana, where the distant mountains just got their first dusting of snow, the leaves are beginning to change, and the air is taking on the crispness of autumn. I’ve had a fantastic beginning to my internship with the American Prairie Reserve—devoted to the creation of a wildlife refuge that will protect and allow access to the pristine prairie landscape of Northeastern Montana. The reserve has made rapid and impressive progress since its’ founding in 2001, when the need to protect the perhaps less famed but equally important prairie landscape revealed itself. We now own and lease a total of 274,000 acres of deeded and public land. Their goal is to link public and private lands in the region into the largest wildlife reserve in the lower 48, and create an unimpeded natural landscape similar to what existed in the days of Lewis and Clark.

As the Historical Wildlife Populations Intern for APR, I have spent much of my office time so far immersed in the tales of that visionary pair. They kept copious notes on their travels, and especially on their encounters with wildlife--which were not occasional. Between about March and July 1805, they crossed the region now home to the American Prairie Reserve. Their journals are an invaluable and unrivaled lens into what wildlife looked like on the Montana plains two hundred years ago—before hunting and habitat destruction drastically reduced populations. Their accounts serve as some of our only windows into the state of the land at that time—when few records were kept, and much of the American prairie remained unexplored and untouched. The prevalence of wildlife in their accounts is astounding—especially when compared to what remains today. Hardly a day goes by that they don’t mention spotting a grizzly, buffalo, or elk, a beaver, a wolf, a fox. On April 22, 1805, Lewis described “I had a most delightfull view of the country, the whole of which except the vally formed by the Missouri is void of timber or underbrush, exposing to the first glance of the spectator immence herds of Buffaloe, Elk, deer, and Antelopes feeding in one common and boundless pasture.” A couple weeks later, they wrote “Great numbers of Buffalow, Elk, Deer, antelope, beaver, Procupins, and water fowls seen to day, such as, Geese, ducks of dift. Kinds, and a few swan.”

Appreciating the Human Element in Land Conservation

Image: Nancy Vail and Jered Lawson of Pie Ranch -- a farm that POST helped to protect -- are just a few of the members of the human ecosystem that POST constantly interacts with. Photo Credit: Anne Duwe, POST.

By Caroline Hodge
B.A. Psychology and B.A. Philosophy & Religious Studies, 2013
Summer Intern at Peninsula Open Space Trust

Read about our summer interns on the Out West student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

When you hear the term land conservation you might think of well, land: mountains, rivers, valleys, and wildlife. Perhaps you might guess that working in land conservation involves activities such as monitoring plant populations, counting birds, and maintaining trails.

My time at the Peninsula Open Space Trust (POST) this summer, however, illustrated that actual land conservation work is far more complex. While biologic factors such as topography and watersheds are important, what might be even more essential are the ecosystems of human forces that help protect, maintain, and utilize the land. My colleagues and I at POST were in constant communication with various nodes of this human system: officials at the California State Park system, ranchers interested in leasing POST land, contractors assessing buildings on POST land, and landowners interested in conserving their land. It is through these interactions and relationships—some of which have been built over the course of decades—that POST has been able to achieve its mission of protecting and caring for land in and around Silicon Valley.

Using Comics to Explain Complex Water Issues

A page from Emily Bookstein's graphic novel about land fallowing in southern California. The full comic is embedded below.

Emily Bookstein spent the summer of 2011 as a research assistant for the Center's Rural West Initiative, where she looked for a novel way to explain the issues surrounding land fallowing, where farmers sell their water rights to cities and leave some of their fields barren. Emily used the interviews she conducted on a reporting trip to Palo Verde in southern California as the basis for a graphic novel she developed with the help of Stanford's creative writing program. In a drought year where fallowing is as hot a topic as ever, we are proud to present "Farming Water," her engaging, breezy and nuanced portrait of conflicted farmers weighing the economic costs and benefits of hanging up their plowshares.

The full comic is available on our Water in the West and Rural West Initiative websites, and can be viewed in the window below.

Since the mid-1990s, farmers in the Palo Verde valley in Southern California have embraced a new way to supplement their livelihood: temporarily transferring their water rights to urban utilities in exchange for cash.  By not farming, farmers free up to 111,000 acre-feet of agricultural water per year for the cities – enough for 220,000 homes. In this illustrated report, the Bill Lane Center for the American West's research assistant Emily Bookstein (Stanford '11) looks at the largest and longest water transfer of its kind in California history.

A Display, Dirt, and Databases: A Summer in Yellowstone

Image: Meghan Gewerth and her display about archeology in Yellowstone.

By Meghan Gewerth
B.A. Archaeology (honors) and English minor, 2013
Summer Intern at Yellowstone National Park

Read about our summer interns on the Out West student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

This summer I worked mainly in three different areas for my archeology internship at Yellowstone National Park. The first was creating a display about archeology in the park; as far as my supervisor and I are aware there's never been a display about archeology in the park. I developed the idea with my supervisor, chose the artifacts, wrote the labels, and put together the display. I also worked on the backlog of artifacts and records in the lab, including entering information into the ICMS database, resolving duplicate catalogue numbers, and reducing the number of records in the temporary database by over 1,000 records. Lastly, I assisted with various field projects, including a historic structures survey and trail site assessment.

This summer internship was important to me because it exposed me to a different side of archeology than what I learned about as an undergraduate. This archeology focused on compliance work and what it’s like to work for the federal government. This experience was valuable because I learned about different applications of archeology and the various stakeholders that may be involved in a project. However, I was also able to use my previous archeology and lab experience to really help my supervisor. My summer work had tangible, measureable results, and I’m proud and honored to have worked for Yellowstone and the National Park Service.

I also experienced what it’s like to have a proper nine-to-five style job (in this case seven-to-five-thirty!). I learned that I work best when meeting a deadline with tangible results. I’m also glad that I had the opportunity to create a display about archeology in Yellowstone. This combined two areas I’m passionate about – archeology and museums/displays – and contributed to archeology at Yellowstone. This made me excited about bringing archeology to the public, which I will probable pursue further through a masters in Museum Studies.

Looking Down the Stream

By Zachary Zapata
B.S. Management Science & Engineering, 2016
Summer Intern at Yosemite National Park

Read about our summer interns on the Out West student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

When I arrived in Yosemite National Park earlier this summer, I was given my project task. I was to tackle cabinets full of unorganized files. I was afraid I wouldn't be able to complete it. By the end of the summer, I created and implemented both a File Plan and Container List for the Land Resources Management Office. The File Plan will help future employees organize paperwork in an appropriate manner while the Container List will help to locate files more easily. To my surprise, after completing these documents, I still had time to spare before my summer in Yosemite ended. I decided to take my project further and created my "Next Steps" document. I laid out tasks, tips, and directions for next summer's intern (a document I wish was available to me).

Throughout my summer I learned the importance of communication, a valuable skill my supervisor has just about perfected. I admired his ability to seamlessly weave work talk into informal conversations with his colleagues. He was able to take care of business around the workplace while keeping a lighthearted and calm work environment. I hope to develop this skill and implement it one day into my future jobs, especially if I am to be in a supervisory position.

Working for the National Park Service has shown me the pros and cons of holding a government job. While they are very secure and promotions are available, politics do play a major role in daily activities and the ripples from decisions made on Capitol Hill are felt immediately. However, I think the benefit of helping and providing service to people definitely outweighs the difficulties caused by politics. Therefore, I have been looking more into the public sector recently for a possible career.

With KQED, Visualizing a Warmer Future for Bay Area Open Spaces

A story published by KQED Public Media includes two interactive graphics produced in collaboration with researchers and staff at the Center

The San Francisco Bay Area leads U.S. metropolitan regions in land protection, with nearly a third of its total area designated as open space: in all, over a million acres across 10 counties. Yet with rising temperatures already affecting on local habitats, those lands could be facing profound changes as the climate comes to increasingly resemble that of Southern California today, with increased drought and risk of wildfire.

This week, a radio story and online feature from KQED Public Media explored the future of open spaces and the choices faced by Bay Area land managers. 

With temperatures on the rise, land managers and scientists are beginning to ask how the Bay Area’s landscape will withstand climate change. As plants and animals are forced to shift, some of the Bay Area’s iconic parks and vistas could look dramatically different.
– From "Warming Climate Could Transform Bay Area Parks and Open Space," by Lauren Sommer (KQED, Sept. 9, 2013)

Reported by KQED's Lauren Sommer with the support of a media fellowship from the Bill Lane Center for the American West, the story included two interactive graphics produced in collaboration with the Center's Creative Director for Media and Communications, Geoff McGhee, and the postdoctoral scholar and ecologist Maria Santos.

Graphic Helps Users Explore the Effect of Rising Temperatures on Bay Area Habitats

The first graphic (shown above) allows users to visualize possible changes in landscape cover at different temperatures, based on models designed by UC Berkeley professor David Ackerly. To understand how conditions would change inside open spaces, users can restrict the view to only those lands that are within the boundaries of designated open spaces, and to different types of growth such as trees like redwoods, evergreens or oaks, and grasslands and scrub. 

Map and Timeline Show the the History of Open Space Conservation – and Connect to a Data Crowdsourcing Tool

A second graphic provides a timeline of open space designation reaching back to the mid-1800's, with a slide bar that enables users to track the steady progression of land conservation as federal, state and local entities, nonprofits and so-called special districts worked to protect lands as varied as public parks, wildlife preserves and university research stations. The graphic uses data compiled by Maria Santos in her ongoing study of California land conservation, and it also links to a tool that Santos developed with the GreenInfo Network that enables the general public to contribute information to Santos' vast 53,000-property database of conservation lands statewide.

The collaboration is the Center's second with Sommer and KQED, following on a 2012 project that explored a historical ecology study of the San Francisco-San Joaquin Delta.  Further information on the Center's media fellowships – which support independent research and reporting as well as project-based collaboration – is available on our website. 

Announcing our Fall Seminars on the West

The Center kicks off the 2013-14 academic year with its Fall Seminars on the West, a series of lunchtime talks by visiting scholars, authors, and other friends of the Center. Join us for light lunch and compelling conversation on topics such as Anza's 1776 expedition to Alta California, the re-wilding of the Selway-Bitteroot, the evolution of San Francisco Bay and a newly translated European account of the early Yellowstone National Park.

2013 Fall Seminars on the West

Lunchtime Talks begin at 12pm. Please RSVP to each event on its respective page.

Thursday, September 26 in Y2E2 Room 300
"Down by the Bay: San Francisco's History Between the Tides"
 Matthew Booker, Associate Professor of History, North Carolina State University

Thursday, October 3 in Y2E2 Room 105
"The Anza Expedition in 1776"
Christopher Richard, Former Curator of Aquatic Biology, Oakland Museum of California

Monday, October 7 in Y2E2 Room 105
"Yellowstone, Land of Wonders: Rediscovering a 19th Century Account"
Janet Chapple and Suzanne Cane, Independent Scholars

Tuesday, October 29 in Y2E2 Room 105
"Re-Wilding the West: The Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness"
Dennis Baird, Professor Emeritus, University of Idaho, and Debbie Lee, Professor of English, Washington State University

Photo: Yosemite Valley via newformula on Flickr

Yosemite Summer and A Lesson of the Weight of Cultural Heritage

Photo: Lucy Telles, basket maker and cultural demonstrator

By Kevin Chow
B.S. Material Science and Engineering, 2013
Summer Intern at Yosemite Museum

Read about our summer interns on the Out West student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

As I type this blog entry, the 150,000-acre Rim Fire continues to burn through wilderness and threatens the Tuolumne Grove of Giant Sequoias, one of Yosemite National Park’s most precious and celebrated natural resources. Hundreds of firefighters and rangers are struggling to contain the blaze, which luckily remains a safe 20-mile distance from Yosemite Valley. While the fire poses little risk to the Yosemite Museum, I feel that a similar sense of gravitas and urgency is required in the park’s treatment of the irreplaceable cultural resources in the park. After a busy summer of preservation work (e.g. cleaning a diorama, freezing objects, cleaning basketry, re-housing Ansel Adams prints) at the Yosemite Museum, I feel more strongly than ever about the importance of cultural heritage work and conservation. While I gained a lot of experience with preservation practices, I learned even more about interpreting a collection and makings sure that an exhibit can effectively reach out to an audience.

The Yosemite Museum’s Indian Cultural Exhibit displays a portion of the museum’s considerable ethnographic collection as a way to present a cultural history of Yosemite's native American Indian peoples. Showcasing examples of practical, yet artistically expressive objects that speak across time, the Indian Cultural Exhibit seeks to preserve and interpret the diverse material culture of the Yosemite area Indian peoples. While Indian cultural history in the Yosemite region spans several millenia, the Indian Cultural Exhibit primarily documents the changes that have occurred since initial contact with Anglo-Americans in 1851 up to the present. Getting to work with the objects up close and being tasked with protecting them, I began to think about the significance of conserving these artifacts. What meaning can an old artifact like a basket generate for modern park visitors, many of whom only enter the air-conditioned museum to escape the summer heat outside?

A Tapestry of California

By Emmerich Anklam

Summer Intern at Heyday Institute

Read about our summer research projects on the OutWest student blog. Throughout the summer, the Center's interns and Research Assistants will be sending in virtual postcards, snapshots and reports on their summer work.

There’s a romantic but dangerous belief about the American West. We see it in cowboy movies and old paintings and some retellings of history. It’s the belief that the story of the West is one of individuality, isolation, and self-reliance. When we look at the West more closely, though, we see stories of community everywhere. We find them in the evolution of tribal life (see my co-worker Vincent’s awesome blog “Being Ohlone in the 21st Century”), in the proliferation of public art, in the preservation of historic buildings, in the push for a better environment. 

At its core, Heyday is a place dedicated to making these stories known to the broader world. It’s also a vibrant group of open-minded and open-hearted people. When we publish a book, we’re acting as midwives for someone’s dream, and we need everyone’s participation and care as we  make that dream a reality. Even when we don’t have meetings, we talk to one another on a day-to-day basis to make sure we know what we need to do. We crack jokes, we argue, we eat lunch together, and we panic together.

In my ten weeks as an intern, I spent most of my time doing marketing (contacting possible customers) and publicity (contacting media). But as I helped with more books and projects, I found myself working with the majority of the staff. I talked to one person about mailing books to reviewers, another person about sending letters, another person about contacting stores, and yet another person about helping to build a new website. I sent hundreds of emails, mailed hundreds of letters, and met too many wonderful people to count.

Over time, I immersed myself in the dense patchwork of cultures and movements that collide at Heyday. I’d spend one day thinking about architectural preservation and the next thinking about Hetch Hetchy. No two books I worked on are alike, and each one gave me a unique lens to view California through. As I read and talked to people, I gained an entirely new appreciation of the vastness and complexity of my home state.   

Deborah Miranda begins her memoir Bad Indians by saying, “California is a story. California is many stories.” And with every day at work I saw these stories unfold before me like parts of an infinite tapestry. California is the union of thousands of communities, and to spend time at Heyday is to see how those communities grow, change, break apart and come together. 

Read more at the Out West Blog for Summer Interns » 

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