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... & the West Blog

Feb 23 2017 | ... & the West Blog
A new paper suggests that “mineral easements” might provide a tool to block hydraulic fracking and the oil and gas wells that have been sources of fear and opposition from New York to California.
Feb 14 2017 | ... & the West Blog
California avoided a major catastrophe in the past week as heavy rains compromised the 700-foot Oroville dam. Here is a day-by-day account of what happened and what state engineers and safety officials did.
Jan 31 2017 | ... & the West Blog
Valley Fever, a lung disease born of invasive fungal spores that are carried on clouds of swirling dust, is the best-known medical secret of the American Southwest. The parts of California and Arizona where the fungal spores flourish are once-rural places that are now population magnets, where new construction disturbs the earth and can send spores flying.
Through a newly launched blog at Stanford’s Bill Lane Center for the American West, former New York Times environmental correspondent Felicity Barringer explores people’s connections to western water, landscapes and other resources.
Dec 21 2016 | ... & the West Blog
This is the first of a series of occasional posts looking at at how the West would have changed if a major historical event had – or had not – occurred. Here, we look at the implications of a different Supreme Court decision in the 1963 Arizona v. California case.

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Western Articles and Media Elsewhere
Compiled by Alan Propp

February 9, 2017

Rising temperatures in California could soon spur a shift in crops for Central Valley farmers. While rising winter temperatures could benefit some agricultural commodities, others (such as walnuts, cherries, and pistachios) will suffer. Within the next few years, farmers must either find technologies that allow these trees to flourish, or leave abandon them and turn to warmer-weather crops. Valley Public Radio via NPR

The energy mix in the West continues to shift towards sustainable sources – the opening of Tesla’s battery farm in Southern California could be followed by the closing of the West’s biggest coal plant in Arizona. The Aliso Canyon gas leak led Southern California Edison to search for more reliable energy sources, opening the door for lithium-ion battery storage provided by Tesla and others. Meanwhile, declining natural gas prices and rising costs for coal electricity production are making many coal plants — like the Navajo Generating Station — economically infeasible. The Guardian Grist Grand Canyon Trust

The expansion of predator populations is causing a kaleidoscope of reactions across various western states as locals struggle to balance conservation and ranching concerns. In Oregon and beyond, the recovery of wolves may mean that individuals (such as a high-profile wolf by the name of OR7) may lose their novelty, making them more expendable. Meanwhile, Colorado is cracking down on black bears and cougars in order to protect its thin mule deer population, an effort that has not been implemented without controversy. High Country News onEarth

California is increasingly turning to an unorthodox source for drinking water: recycled sewage water. Since 2014, the state has aggressively increased funding for wastewater treatment and recycling. Once produced largely for non-potable use – on landscaping, for instance – effluent is increasingly purified intensively and used for drinking water and aquifer replenishment. This technique is spreading despite the difficulty of the purification process. Undark

Biologists and fisheries managers in Oregon have begun using eDNA to find threatened species in river systems through water sampling. This novel technique uses highly sensitive water sampling techniques to find the DNA that endangered creatures shed from their skin, urine, and feces. With more refinement, the approach has the potential to revolutionize fisheries management, making it cheaper and easier to monitor species in waterways throughout the western United States. NPR

January 31, 2017

President Barack Obama is gone now, but what sort of mark did he leave on the West’s climate, energy, and lands? In the “West Obsessed” podcast, High Country News covers the wide-ranging and (for the most part) positive impacts that happened on his watch, including the development of renewable energy, the first far-reaching actions to address including the development of renewable energy, the first far-reaching actions to address climate change, and the last-minute designation of large federally protected conservation areas. High Country News

In the vein of the last administration’s conservation efforts, learn more about his recent expansion of Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument. This stunningly beautiful protected region contains one of the most ecologically rich areas in North America, with species ranging from northern spotted owls to rare butterflies, and remains an important area for biodiversity research. While contested by some, Cascade-Siskiyou’s expansion is hailed by many as a victory for the conservation of large, intact, and critical habitat areas in the United States. Undark

Stanford’s new data visualization project, called “Follow the Money,” allows users to track the destination counties for a variety of different environment-related funds. Find your county and see how much it has received through the years from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, the Forest Service Revenue, the Federal Mineral Leasing Act, and more. Or, choose a fund and track how its payments have changed through the years, such as the dramatic increase in mining and drilling funding for Utah and Colorado in the mi-90s. Stanford Spatial History Project | CESTA

The consequences of the Aliso Canyon gas leak in Southern California were far-reaching over the last two years. The leak emitted massive amounts of methane and toxic chemicals into the atmosphere for months before the SCGC was able to get it under control. This environmental and health disaster, essentially invisible to the naked eye, has united communities against the reopening of the facility and given a regional boost to a relatively new and under-tested form of energy technology: batteries. The New York Times

New collaborative research on the Yellowstone River reveals the complex consequences that human activities can have on the rivers in the region. The combined effects of these actions - which include diversion for irrigation, erosion control, and the placement of boulder breakwaters - weaken the river system and make it vulnerable to stressors like fish-killing parasites. Yale Environment 360

As California’s extended drought continues, tensions remain high over water rights and who is entitled to the usage of various water sources. The state has imposed increasingly strict consumption quotas, and has begun to turn more attention to the largest water users in the state. This article explores the developing energy efficiency technology and research efforts in the region, with a specific focus on the state’s economically critical and most extensive water consumption industry: agriculture. The Desert Sun